Grandin N and Charbonneau M (2003) The Rad51 pathway of telomerase-independent maintenance of telomeres can amplify TG1-3 sequences in yku and cdc13 mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol Cell Biol 23(11):3721-34
Abstract: In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Cdc13, Yku, and telomerase define three parallel pathways for telomere end protection that prevent chromosome instability and death by senescence. We report here that cdc13-1 yku70delta mutants generated telomere deprotection-resistant cells that, in contrast with telomerase-negative senescent cells, did not display classical crisis events. cdc13-1 yku70delta cells survived telomere deprotection by exclusively amplifying TG(1-3) repeats (type II recombination). In a background lacking telomerase (tlc1delta), this process predominated over type I recombination (amplification of subtelomeric Y' sequences). Strikingly, inactivation of the Rad50/Rad59 pathway (which is normally required for type II recombination) in cdc13-1 yku70delta or yku70delta tlc1delta mutants, but also in cdc13-1 YKU70(+) tlc1delta mutants, still permitted type II recombination, but this process was now entirely dependent on the Rad51 pathway. In addition, delayed senescence was observed in cdc13-1 yku70delta rad51delta and cdc13-1 tlc1delta rad51delta cells. These results demonstrate that in wild-type cells, masking by Cdc13 and Yku prevents the Rad51 pathway from amplifying telomeric TG(1-3) sequences. They also suggest that Rad51 is more efficient than Rad50 in amplifying the sequences left uncovered by the absence of Cdc13 or Yku70.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't||PubMed ID: 12748277|
Topics addressed in this paper
Number of different genes curated to this paper: 6
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