Xie Y and Varshavsky A (2002) UFD4 lacking the proteasome-binding region catalyses ubiquitination but is impaired in proteolysis. Nat Cell Biol 4(12):1003-7
Abstract: The ubiquitin system recognizes degradation signals of protein substrates through E3-E2 ubiquitin ligases, which produce a substrate-linked multi-ubiquitin chain. Ubiquitinated substrates are degraded by the 26S proteasome, which consists of the 20S protease and two 19S particles. We previously showed that UBR1 and UFD4, two E3 ligases of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, interact with specific proteasomal subunits. Here we advance this analysis for UFD4 and show that it interacts with RPT4 and RPT6, two subunits of the 19S particle. The 201-residue amino-terminal region of UFD4 is essential for its binding to RPT4 and RPT6. UFD4(DeltaN), which lacks this N-terminal region, adds ubiquitin to test substrates with apparently wild-type activity, but is impaired in conferring short half-lives on these substrates. We propose that interaction of a targeted substrate with the 26S proteasome involves contacts of specific proteasomal subunits with the substrate-bound ubiquitin ligase, with the substrate-linked multi-ubiquitin chain and with the substrate itself. This multiple-site binding may function to slow down dissociation of the substrate from the proteasome and to facilitate the unfolding of substrate through ATP-dependent movements of the chaperone subunits of the 19S particle.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article||PubMed ID: 12447385|
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