Dolence JM, et al. (1997) Yeast protein farnesyltransferase. Site-directed mutagenesis of conserved residues in the beta-subunit. Biochemistry 36(30):9246-52
Abstract: Protein prenyltransferases catalyze the posttranslational modification of cysteines by isoprenoid hydrocarbon chains. A protein farnesyltransferase (PFTase) and a protein geranylgeranyltransferase (PGGTase-I) alkylate cysteines in a CaaX C-terminal tetrapeptide sequence, where a is usually an aliphatic amino acid and X is an amino acid that specifies whether a C15 farnesyl or C20 geranylgeranyl moiety is added. A third enzyme, PGGTase-II, adds geranylgeranyl groups to both cysteines at the C-terminus of Rab proteins. All three enzymes are Zn2+ metalloproteins and also require Mg2+ for activity. The protein prenyltransferases are heterodimers. PFTase and PGGTase I contain identical alpha-subunits and distinctive beta-subunits, which are responsible for the differences in substrate selectivity seen for the two enzymes. The subunits in PGGTase-II are similar, but not identical, to their counterparts in the other two enzymes. An alignment of amino acid sequences for the beta-subunits of all three enzymes shows five regions of high similarity. Thirteen of the conserved polar and charged residues in yeast PFTase were selected for substitution by site-directed mutagenesis. Kinetic studies revealed a subset of five enzymes, R211Q, D307A, C309A, Y310F, and H363A, with substantially reduced catalytic constants (kcat). Metal analyses of wild-type enzyme and the five least reactive mutants showed that the substitutions had compromised Zn2+ binding in the D307A, C309A, and H363A enzymes.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.||PubMed ID: 9230058|
Topics addressed in this paper
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|Protein Physical Properties|
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