Xu T and Forgac M (2000) Subunit D (Vma8p) of the yeast vacuolar H+-ATPase plays a role in coupling of proton transport and ATP hydrolysis. J Biol Chem 275(29):22075-81
Abstract: To investigate the function of subunit D in the vacuolar H(+)-ATPase (V-ATPase) complex, random and site-directed mutagenesis was performed on the VMA8 gene encoding subunit D in yeast. Mutants were selected for the inability to grow at pH 7.5 but the ability to grow at pH 5.5. Mutations leading to reduced levels of subunit D in whole cell lysates were excluded from the analysis. Seven mutants were isolated that resulted in pH-dependent growth but that contained nearly wild-type levels of subunit D and nearly normal assembly of the V-ATPase as assayed by subunit A levels associated with isolated vacuoles. Each of these mutants contained 2-3 amino acid substitutions and resulted in loss of 60-100% of proton transport and 58-93% of concanamycin-sensitive ATPase activity. To identify the mutations responsible for the observed effects on activity, 14 single amino acid substitutions and 3 double amino acid substitutions were constructed by site-directed mutagenesis and analyzed as described above. Six of the single mutations and all three of the double mutations led to significant (>30%) loss of activity, with the mutations having the greatest effects on activity clustering in the regions Val(71)-Gly(80) and Lys(209)-Met(221). In addition, both M221V and the double mutant V71D/E220V led to significant uncoupling of proton transport and ATPase activity, whereas the double mutant G80D/K209E actually showed increased coupling efficiency. Both a mutant showing reduced coupling and a mutant with only 6% of wild-type proton transport activity showed normal dissociation of the V-ATPase complex in vivo in response to glucose deprivation. These results suggest that subunit D plays an important role in coupling of proton transport and ATP hydrolysis and that only low rates of turnover of the enzyme are required to support in vivo dissociation.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article||PubMed ID: 10801866|
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