Dix D, et al. (1997) Characterization of the FET4 protein of yeast. Evidence for a direct role in the transport of iron. J Biol Chem 272(18):11770-7
Abstract: The low affinity Fe2+ uptake system of Saccharomyces cerevisiae requires the FET4 gene. In this report, we present evidence that FET4 encodes the Fe2+ transporter protein of this system. Antibodies prepared against FET4 detected two distinct proteins with molecular masses of 63 and 68 kDa. In vitro synthesis of FET4 suggested that the 68-kDa form is the primary translation product, and the 63-kDa form may be generated by proteolytic cleavage of the full-length protein. Consistent with its role as an Fe2+ transporter, FET4 is an integral membrane protein present in the plasma membrane. The level of FET4 closely correlated with uptake activity overa broad range of expression levels and is itself regulated by iron. Furthermore, mutations in FET4 can alter the kinetic properties of the low affinity uptake system, suggesting a direct interaction between FET4 and its Fe2+ substrate. Mutations affecting potential Fe2+ ligands located in the predicted transmembrane domains of FET4 significantly altered the apparent Km and/or Vmax of the low affinity system. These mutations may identify residues involved in Fe2+ binding during transport.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article||PubMed ID: 9115232|
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