Gueckel R, et al. (1998) Mutations in the yeast proteasome beta-type subunit Pre3 uncover position-dependent effects on proteasomal peptidase activity and in vivo function. J Biol Chem 273(31):19443-52
Abstract: Proteasomes are highly complex proteases responsible for selective protein degradation in the eukaryotic cell. 26 S proteasomes consist of two regulatory 19 S cap complexes and the 20 S proteasome, which acts as the proteolytic core module. We isolated six mutants of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae containing mutations in the 20 S proteasome beta-type subunit Pre3. Three mutations (pre3-2, pre3-3, and pre3-5) which reside at the active site cleft of the Pre3 subunit solely caused reduction of the proteasomal peptidylglutamyl peptide-hydrolyzing activity but did not lead to detectable defects in protein degradation nor to any other phenotype. However, the pre3-2 mutation strengthened phenotypes induced by other 20 S proteasomal mutations, indicating that the peptidylglutamyl peptide-hydrolyzing activity has to fulfill some rescue functions. The other three mutations (pre3-1, pre3-4, and pre3-6) are located at diverse sites of the Pre3 protein and caused multiple defects in proteasomal peptide cleaving activities. pre3-1 and pre3-6 mutants exhibited significant defects in proteasomal protein degradation; they accumulated ubiquitinated proteins and stabilized defined substrate proteins as, e.g. fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase. In addition, pre3-1 and pre3-6 mutant cells exhibited pleiotropic phenotypes as temperature sensitivity and cell cycle-related effects.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article||PubMed ID: 9677364|
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