Stolz J and Sauer N (1999) The fenpropimorph resistance gene FEN2 from Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes a plasma membrane H+-pantothenate symporter. J Biol Chem 274(26):18747-52
Abstract: The product of the FEN2 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae has previously been described as a protein conferring sensitivity to the antifungal agent fenpropimorph. Fen2p was postulated to act as a common regulator of carbon and nitrogen catabolite repression and of amino acid and ergosterol biosynthesis. In this paper, we present experimental evidence characterizing Fen2p as a plasma membrane-localized transporter for the vitamin pantothenate. The high affinity transport system (Km = 3.5 microM) is sensitive to uncouplers, suggesting a H+-pantothenate cotransport. Pantothenate transport rates in yeast are modulated by extracellular pantothenate, being maximal at low pantothenate concentrations. It is demonstrated that beta-alanine can suppress the growth defect of FEN2 wild-type and fen2 mutant cells on pantothenate-free medium. Evidence is presented that beta-alanine is transported by the general amino acid permease Gap1p. The relation among pantothenate transport, nitrogen catabolite repression, and sensitivity to the antifungal agent fenpropimorph is discussed.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article||PubMed ID: 10373490|
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