Antonsson B, et al. (1994) Protein kinase C in yeast. Characteristics of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae PKC1 gene product. J Biol Chem 269(24):16821-8
Abstract: The Saccharomyces cerevisiae PKC1 gene encodes a homolog of mammalian protein kinase C (Levin, D. E., Fields, F.O., Kunisawa, R., Bishop, J.M., and Thorner, J. (1990) Cell 62, 213-224). A protein of 150 kDa is recognized by a polyclonal antiserum raised against a trpE-Pkc1 fusion protein. In subcellular fractionations, Pkc1p associates with the 100,000 x g particulate fraction. This association is resistant to extraction with high salt concentrations, alkali buffer, or nonionic detergents, suggesting that Pkc1p may be associated with a large protein complex. Pkc1p modified at its COOH terminus with two repeats of the Staphylococcus aureus protein A IgG-binding fragment (ZZ sequence tag) was able to fully restore the growth defects of a pkc1ts strain at restrictive temperature. ZZ-tagged Pkc1p was partially purified by chromatography on DEAE-Sepharose, followed by IgG-Sepharose. In vitro, Pkc1p phosphorylates the pseudosubstrate peptide and myelin basic protein, but not histones. Replacing an isoleucine with an arginine 2 amino acids COOH-terminal of the acceptor serine in the substrate peptide resulted in a 10-fold decrease of Km. Pkc1p activity was independent of cofactors such as phospholipids, diacylglycerol, and Ca2+, known to activate several mammalian protein kinase C isoenzymes, making it a rather distantly related member of the protein kinase C superfamily.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article||PubMed ID: 8207004|
Topics addressed in this paper
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