Somlo M, et al. (1985) The pho1 mutation. A frameshift, and its compensation, producing altered forms of physiologically efficient ATPase in yeast mitochondria. Eur J Biochem 150(1):89-94
Abstract: The pho1 mutation belongs to the OL12 gene on mitochondrial DNA of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which codes for a membrane factor subunit of the mitochondrial ATPase (apparent molecular mass 20 kDa). We analysed the ATPase complex from the pho1 mutant and from three revertants, after immunoprecipitation from mitochondrial extracts, by dodecyl sulphate/acrylamide gel electrophoresis. In two revertants the OL12 gene product appeared as an abundant slower migrating peptide, while in the pho mutant, two bands appeared in very low amounts. For the third revertant,a strong band appeared at the normal level. Sequencing of the OL12 gene from these strains gave the following results: the pho1 mutation is a frameshift, arising by insertion of an extra thymidine into a group of three. Two of the revertants contain the same group of four thymidines, but genetic compensation of the frameshift occurs 24 base pairs downstream by the loss of four bases, implying a deficit of one codon. The third revertant has recovered the normal three-thymidine sequence. There is excellent correlation between the modified sequences and electrophoretic migration of the peptide product. Owing to the leakiness of the pho1 phenotype (reduced but not nil growth rate on oxidizable carbon sources, 5-10% highly oligomycin-sensitive ATPase complex, low amounts of OL12 gene product peptides), some translational correction of the frameshift is bound to occur. Based on these results, the compatibility of abnormal ATPase architecture with modified energetic efficiency is discussed.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article||PubMed ID: 3160589|
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