Greenberg ML and Axelrod D (1993) Anomalously slow mobility of fluorescent lipid probes in the plasma membrane of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Membr Biol 131(2):115-27
Abstract: We measured the lateral mobility of two fluorescent lipid probes dioctadecylindocarbocyanine (diI) and tetramethyl rhodamine phosphatidylethanolamine (R-PE) in the plasma membranes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae ino1 and opi3 spheroplasts. These are well-characterized strains with mutations in the inositol and phosphatidylcholine biosynthetic pathways. Membrane phospholipid composition was altered by growing these mutants in the presence or absence of inositol and choline. Lateral mobility was measured by fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP). Microscopic fluorescence polarization employing CCD digital imaging produced an ordered orientation distribution of the lipid probe diI, confirming that at least one of the probes was largely incorporated into the bilayer membrane. Our results demonstrated anomalously slow mobility of both lipid probes for both mutants, regardless of whether the lipid composition was near normal or dramatically altered in relative composition of phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylcholine. Trypsinization of the spheroplasts to remove surface proteins resulted in markedly increased lateral mobility. However, even in trypsinized spheroplasts, mobility was still somewhat lower than the mobility observed in the membrane of mammalian cells, such as rat smooth muscle culture cells tested here for comparison.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article||PubMed ID: 8441175|
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