Wu M and Tzagoloff A (1989) Identification and characterization of a new gene (CBP3) required for the expression of yeast coenzyme QH2-cytochrome c reductase. J Biol Chem 264(19):11122-30
Abstract: Respiratory defective mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae assigned to complementation group G28 display a deficiency, in the respiratory chain complex coenzyme QH2-cytochrome c reductase. The mutants define a new nuclear gene, designated CBP3, required for the assembly of the complex. Mutations in CBP3 are expressed in the absence of spectrally and immunologically detectable cytochrome b, a catalytic subunit of coenzyme QH2-cytochrome c reductase. The mutational block responsible for the cytochrome b deficiency has been ascribed to a post-translational step based on the observation that cbp3 mutants have wild type concentrations of cytochrome b mRNA and are capable of synthesizing the apoprotein. Western analysis has revealed that cbp3 mutants have reduced levels of a subset of subunit polypeptides of the coenzyme QH2-cytochrome c reductase complex that include apocytochrome b, the iron-sulfur protein, core 4 (14-kDa subunit), and core 5 (11-kDa subunit). A similar phenotype has previously been reported in strains that fail to assemble the complex asa result of mutations in the noncatalytic core subunits. The CBP3 gene has been cloned by transformation of a mutant from complementation group G28 with a yeast genomic library. The gene is 1005 nucleotides long and codes for a primary translation product of 39 kDa. A transcript of a size commensurate with the length of the CBP3 reading frame is detected in total and poly(A+)-enriched RNA. The amino-terminal region of the CBP3 product is basic and probably corresponds to a cleavable mitochondrial targeting signal. An antibody obtained against a trpE/CBP3 fusion protein detects a protein of 40 kDa in wild type yeast mitochondria. This protein is absent in a mutant construct containing a partially deleted copy of the gene. The CBP3 protein is a membrane constituent, although attempts to demonstrate its physical association with the other subunits of coenzyme QH2-cytochrome c reductase have been unsuccessful.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article||PubMed ID: 2544586|
Topics addressed in this paper
Number of different genes curated to this paper: 4
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