SUMMARY PARAGRAPH for VMA11
VMA11 encodes the c' subunit of the yeast V-ATPase V0 domain (2, 4). Vacuolar (H )-ATPases (V-ATPases) are ATP-dependent proton pumps that have been identified in many eukaryotes, where they acidify intracellular vacuolar compartments. Vacuolar acidification is important for many cellular processes, including endocytosis, targeting of newly synthesized lysosomal enzymes, and other molecular targeting processes. The V-ATPase consists of two separable domains. The V1 domain has eight known subunits, is peripherally associated with the vacuolar membrane, and catalyzes ATP hydrolysis. The V0 domain is an integral membrane structure of five subunits, and transports protons across the membrane. The structure, function, and assembly of V-ATPases are reviewed in references 6, 7, 8 and 9.
The V0 c (Vma3p), c', and c'' (Vma16p) subunits are highly hydrophobic integral membrane proteolipids, and have similar amino acid sequences; all three are required for V-ATPase activity (6, 9). The vma11 null mutant is viable but lacks vacuolar (H )-ATPase activity, and is defective in vacuolar acidification (2). The a and b V0 subunits do not assemble in the absence of Vma11p (2). Point mutations have identified amino acid residues in Vma11p that are likely to be involved in proton transport(4).
Last updated: 2000-05-18