CSG2/YBR036C Summary Help

Standard Name CSG2 1
Systematic Name YBR036C
Alias CLS2
Feature Type ORF, Verified
Description Endoplasmic reticulum membrane protein; required for mannosylation of inositolphosphorylceramide and for growth at high calcium concentrations; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress (1, 2, 3, 4 and see Summary Paragraph)
Name Description Calcium Sensitive Growth 1
Chromosomal Location
ChrII:310313 to 309081 | ORF Map | GBrowse
Note: this feature is encoded on the Crick strand.
Gbrowse
Gene Ontology Annotations All CSG2 GO evidence and references
  View Computational GO annotations for CSG2
Molecular Function
Manually curated
Biological Process
Manually curated
Cellular Component
Manually curated
High-throughput
Regulators 3 genes
Resources
Pathways
Classical genetics
null
unspecified
Large-scale survey
null
Resources
575 total interaction(s) for 452 unique genes/features.
Physical Interactions
  • Affinity Capture-MS: 3
  • Affinity Capture-RNA: 1
  • Affinity Capture-Western: 2
  • Co-purification: 1
  • PCA: 44

Genetic Interactions
  • Dosage Growth Defect: 1
  • Dosage Lethality: 1
  • Dosage Rescue: 3
  • Negative Genetic: 334
  • Phenotypic Enhancement: 4
  • Phenotypic Suppression: 1
  • Positive Genetic: 125
  • Synthetic Growth Defect: 20
  • Synthetic Lethality: 8
  • Synthetic Rescue: 27

Resources
Expression Summary
histogram
Resources
Length (a.a.) 410
Molecular Weight (Da) 45,442
Isoelectric Point (pI) 7.25
Localization
Phosphorylation PhosphoGRID | PhosphoPep Database
Structure
Homologs
sequence information
ChrII:310313 to 309081 | ORF Map | GBrowse
Note: this feature is encoded on the Crick strand.
SGD ORF map
Last Update Coordinates: 2004-07-16 | Sequence: 1997-01-28
Subfeature details
Relative
Coordinates
Chromosomal
Coordinates
Most Recent Updates
Coordinates Sequence
CDS 1..1233 310313..309081 2004-07-16 1997-01-28
Retrieve sequences
Analyze Sequence
S288C only
S288C vs. other species
S288C vs. other strains
Resources
External Links All Associated Seq | Entrez Gene | Entrez RefSeq Protein | MIPS | Search all NCBI (Entrez) | UniProtKB
Primary SGDIDS000000240
SUMMARY PARAGRAPH for CSG2

About sphingolipid metabolism

Sphingolipids are essential components of the plasma membrane in all eukaryotic cells. S. cerevisiae cells make three complex sphingolipids: inositol-phosphoceramide (IPC), mannose-inositol-phosphoceramide (MIPC), and mannose-(inositol phosphate)2-ceramide (M(IP)2C)(5). In the yeast plasma membrane sphingolipids concentrate with ergosterol to form lipid rafts, specialized membrane microdomains implicated in a variety of cellular processes, including sorting of membrane proteins and lipids, as well as organizing and regulating signaling cascades (6). Intermediates in sphingolipid biosynthesis have been shown to play important roles as signaling molecules and growth regulators. Sphingolipid long chain bases (LCBs), dihydrosphingosine (DHS) and phytosphingosine (PHS), have been implicated as secondary messengers in signaling pathways that regulate the heat stress response (7, 8). Other intermediates, phytoceramide and long-chain base phosphates (LCBPs), have been shown to be components of the tightly-controlled ceramide/LCBP rheostat, which regulates cell growth (9). Since phosphoinositol-containing sphingolipids are unique to fungi, the sphingolipid biosynthesis pathway is considered a target for antifungal drugs (10, 11).

Last updated: 2007-10-05 Contact SGD

References cited on this page View Complete Literature Guide for CSG2
1) Beeler T, et al.  (1994) A novel protein, CSG2p, is required for Ca2+ regulation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Biol Chem 269(10):7279-84
2) Tanida I, et al.  (1996) Yeast Cls2p/Csg2p localized on the endoplasmic reticulum membrane regulates a non-exchangeable intracellular Ca2+ pool cooperatively with calcineurin. FEBS Lett 379(1):38-42
3) Stock SD, et al.  (2000) Syringomycin E inhibition of Saccharomyces cerevisiae: requirement for biosynthesis of sphingolipids with very-long-chain fatty acids and mannose- and phosphoinositol-containing head groups. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 44(5):1174-80
4) Tkach JM, et al.  (2012) Dissecting DNA damage response pathways by analysing protein localization and abundance changes during DNA replication stress. Nat Cell Biol 14(9):966-76
5) Dickson RC and Lester RL  (2002) Sphingolipid functions in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Biochim Biophys Acta 1583(1):13-25
6) Bagnat M and Simons K  (2002) Lipid rafts in protein sorting and cell polarity in budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Biol Chem 383(10):1475-80
7) Jenkins GM, et al.  (1997) Involvement of yeast sphingolipids in the heat stress response of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Biol Chem 272(51):32566-72
8) Ferguson-Yankey SR, et al.  (2002) Mutant analysis reveals complex regulation of sphingolipid long chain base phosphates and long chain bases during heat stress in yeast. Yeast 19(7):573-86
9) Kobayashi SD and Nagiec MM  (2003) Ceramide/long-chain base phosphate rheostat in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: regulation of ceramide synthesis by Elo3p and Cka2p. Eukaryot Cell 2(2):284-94
10) Nagiec MM, et al.  (1997) Sphingolipid synthesis as a target for antifungal drugs. Complementation of the inositol phosphorylceramide synthase defect in a mutant strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae by the AUR1 gene. J Biol Chem 272(15):9809-17
11) Sugimoto Y, et al.  (2004) IPC synthase as a useful target for antifungal drugs. Curr Drug Targets Infect Disord 4(4):311-22