SUR1/YPL057C Summary Help

Standard Name SUR1 1
Systematic Name YPL057C
Alias BCL21 , CSG1 , LPE15
Feature Type ORF, Verified
Description Mannosylinositol phosphorylceramide (MIPC) synthase catalytic subunit; forms a complex with regulatory subunit Csg2p; function in sphingolipid biosynthesis is overlapping with that of Csh1p; SUR1 has a paralog, CSH1, that arose from the whole genome duplication (2, 3, 4 and see Summary Paragraph)
Name Description SUppressor of Rvs161 and rvs167 mutations 1
Chromosomal Location
ChrXVI:453057 to 451909 | ORF Map | GBrowse
Note: this feature is encoded on the Crick strand.
Gbrowse
Gene Ontology Annotations All SUR1 GO evidence and references
  View Computational GO annotations for SUR1
Molecular Function
Manually curated
Biological Process
Manually curated
Cellular Component
Manually curated
High-throughput
Regulators 1 genes
Resources
Pathways
Classical genetics
null
Large-scale survey
null
overexpression
Resources
492 total interaction(s) for 354 unique genes/features.
Physical Interactions
  • Affinity Capture-MS: 3
  • Affinity Capture-RNA: 1
  • Affinity Capture-Western: 4
  • PCA: 2

Genetic Interactions
  • Dosage Lethality: 1
  • Dosage Rescue: 7
  • Negative Genetic: 365
  • Phenotypic Enhancement: 3
  • Phenotypic Suppression: 6
  • Positive Genetic: 63
  • Synthetic Growth Defect: 28
  • Synthetic Lethality: 4
  • Synthetic Rescue: 5

Resources
Expression Summary
histogram
Resources
Length (a.a.) 382
Molecular Weight (Da) 44,808
Isoelectric Point (pI) 9.62
Localization
Phosphorylation PhosphoGRID | PhosphoPep Database
Structure
Homologs
sequence information
ChrXVI:453057 to 451909 | ORF Map | GBrowse
Note: this feature is encoded on the Crick strand.
SGD ORF map
Last Update Coordinates: 2011-02-03 | Sequence: 1996-07-31
Subfeature details
Relative
Coordinates
Chromosomal
Coordinates
Most Recent Updates
Coordinates Sequence
CDS 1..1149 453057..451909 2011-02-03 1996-07-31
Retrieve sequences
Analyze Sequence
S288C only
S288C vs. other species
S288C vs. other strains
Resources
External Links All Associated Seq | E.C. | Entrez Gene | Entrez RefSeq Protein | MIPS | Search all NCBI (Entrez) | UniProtKB
Primary SGDIDS000005978
SUMMARY PARAGRAPH for SUR1

About sphingolipid metabolism

Sphingolipids are essential components of the plasma membrane in all eukaryotic cells. S. cerevisiae cells make three complex sphingolipids: inositol-phosphoceramide (IPC), mannose-inositol-phosphoceramide (MIPC), and mannose-(inositol phosphate)2-ceramide (M(IP)2C)(5). In the yeast plasma membrane sphingolipids concentrate with ergosterol to form lipid rafts, specialized membrane microdomains implicated in a variety of cellular processes, including sorting of membrane proteins and lipids, as well as organizing and regulating signaling cascades (6). Intermediates in sphingolipid biosynthesis have been shown to play important roles as signaling molecules and growth regulators. Sphingolipid long chain bases (LCBs), dihydrosphingosine (DHS) and phytosphingosine (PHS), have been implicated as secondary messengers in signaling pathways that regulate the heat stress response (7, 8). Other intermediates, phytoceramide and long-chain base phosphates (LCBPs), have been shown to be components of the tightly-controlled ceramide/LCBP rheostat, which regulates cell growth (9). Since phosphoinositol-containing sphingolipids are unique to fungi, the sphingolipid biosynthesis pathway is considered a target for antifungal drugs (10, 11).

Last updated: 2007-10-05 Contact SGD

References cited on this page View Complete Literature Guide for SUR1
1) Desfarges L, et al.  (1993) Yeast mutants affected in viability upon starvation have a modified phospholipid composition. Yeast 9(3):267-77
2) Beeler TJ, et al.  (1997) SUR1 (CSG1/BCL21), a gene necessary for growth of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in the presence of high Ca2+ concentrations at 37 degrees C, is required for mannosylation of inositolphosphorylceramide. Mol Gen Genet 255(6):570-9
3) Uemura S, et al.  (2003) Csg1p and newly identified Csh1p function in mannosylinositol phosphorylceramide synthesis by interacting with Csg2p. J Biol Chem 278(46):45049-55
4) Byrne KP and Wolfe KH  (2005) The Yeast Gene Order Browser: combining curated homology and syntenic context reveals gene fate in polyploid species. Genome Res 15(10):1456-61
5) Dickson RC and Lester RL  (2002) Sphingolipid functions in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Biochim Biophys Acta 1583(1):13-25
6) Bagnat M and Simons K  (2002) Lipid rafts in protein sorting and cell polarity in budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Biol Chem 383(10):1475-80
7) Jenkins GM, et al.  (1997) Involvement of yeast sphingolipids in the heat stress response of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Biol Chem 272(51):32566-72
8) Ferguson-Yankey SR, et al.  (2002) Mutant analysis reveals complex regulation of sphingolipid long chain base phosphates and long chain bases during heat stress in yeast. Yeast 19(7):573-86
9) Kobayashi SD and Nagiec MM  (2003) Ceramide/long-chain base phosphate rheostat in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: regulation of ceramide synthesis by Elo3p and Cka2p. Eukaryot Cell 2(2):284-94
10) Nagiec MM, et al.  (1997) Sphingolipid synthesis as a target for antifungal drugs. Complementation of the inositol phosphorylceramide synthase defect in a mutant strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae by the AUR1 gene. J Biol Chem 272(15):9809-17
11) Sugimoto Y, et al.  (2004) IPC synthase as a useful target for antifungal drugs. Curr Drug Targets Infect Disord 4(4):311-22