LCB1/YMR296C Summary Help

Standard Name LCB1 1
Systematic Name YMR296C
Alias END8 , TSC2
Feature Type ORF, Verified
Description Component of serine palmitoyltransferase; responsible along with Lcb2p for the first committed step in sphingolipid synthesis, which is the condensation of serine with palmitoyl-CoA to form 3-ketosphinganine (1, 2 and see Summary Paragraph)
Name Description Long-Chain Base 1, 3
Chromosomal Location
ChrXIII:860891 to 859215 | ORF Map | GBrowse
Note: this feature is encoded on the Crick strand.
Gbrowse
Gene Ontology Annotations All LCB1 GO evidence and references
  View Computational GO annotations for LCB1
Molecular Function
Manually curated
Biological Process
Manually curated
Cellular Component
Manually curated
Regulators 5 genes
Resources
Pathways
Classical genetics
conditional
null
repressible
Large-scale survey
null
repressible
Resources
200 total interaction(s) for 167 unique genes/features.
Physical Interactions
  • Affinity Capture-MS: 16
  • Affinity Capture-RNA: 2
  • Affinity Capture-Western: 13
  • PCA: 3
  • Protein-RNA: 1
  • Reconstituted Complex: 1

Genetic Interactions
  • Dosage Rescue: 1
  • Negative Genetic: 124
  • Phenotypic Enhancement: 4
  • Phenotypic Suppression: 3
  • Positive Genetic: 18
  • Synthetic Growth Defect: 2
  • Synthetic Lethality: 6
  • Synthetic Rescue: 6

Resources
Expression Summary
histogram
Resources
Length (a.a.) 558
Molecular Weight (Da) 62,207
Isoelectric Point (pI) 6.12
Localization
Phosphorylation PhosphoGRID | PhosphoPep Database
Structure
Homologs
sequence information
ChrXIII:860891 to 859215 | ORF Map | GBrowse
Note: this feature is encoded on the Crick strand.
SGD ORF map
Last Update Coordinates: 2011-02-03 | Sequence: 1996-07-31
Subfeature details
Relative
Coordinates
Chromosomal
Coordinates
Most Recent Updates
Coordinates Sequence
CDS 1..1677 860891..859215 2011-02-03 1996-07-31
Retrieve sequences
Analyze Sequence
S288C only
S288C vs. other species
S288C vs. other strains
Resources
External Links All Associated Seq | E.C. | Entrez Gene | Entrez RefSeq Protein | MIPS | Search all NCBI (Entrez) | UniProtKB
Primary SGDIDS000004911
SUMMARY PARAGRAPH for LCB1

About sphingolipid metabolism

Sphingolipids are essential components of the plasma membrane in all eukaryotic cells. S. cerevisiae cells make three complex sphingolipids: inositol-phosphoceramide (IPC), mannose-inositol-phosphoceramide (MIPC), and mannose-(inositol phosphate)2-ceramide (M(IP)2C)(4). In the yeast plasma membrane sphingolipids concentrate with ergosterol to form lipid rafts, specialized membrane microdomains implicated in a variety of cellular processes, including sorting of membrane proteins and lipids, as well as organizing and regulating signaling cascades (5). Intermediates in sphingolipid biosynthesis have been shown to play important roles as signaling molecules and growth regulators. Sphingolipid long chain bases (LCBs), dihydrosphingosine (DHS) and phytosphingosine (PHS), have been implicated as secondary messengers in signaling pathways that regulate the heat stress response (6, 7). Other intermediates, phytoceramide and long-chain base phosphates (LCBPs), have been shown to be components of the tightly-controlled ceramide/LCBP rheostat, which regulates cell growth (8). Since phosphoinositol-containing sphingolipids are unique to fungi, the sphingolipid biosynthesis pathway is considered a target for antifungal drugs (9, 10).

Last updated: 2007-10-05 Contact SGD

References cited on this page View Complete Literature Guide for LCB1
1) Buede R, et al.  (1991) Cloning and characterization of LCB1, a Saccharomyces gene required for biosynthesis of the long-chain base component of sphingolipids. J Bacteriol 173(14):4325-32
2) Nagiec MM, et al.  (1994) The LCB2 gene of Saccharomyces and the related LCB1 gene encode subunits of serine palmitoyltransferase, the initial enzyme in sphingolipid synthesis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 91(17):7899-902
3) Pinto WJ, et al.  (1992) Sphingolipid long-chain-base auxotrophs of Saccharomyces cerevisiae: genetics, physiology, and a method for their selection. J Bacteriol 174(8):2565-74
4) Dickson RC and Lester RL  (2002) Sphingolipid functions in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Biochim Biophys Acta 1583(1):13-25
5) Bagnat M and Simons K  (2002) Lipid rafts in protein sorting and cell polarity in budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Biol Chem 383(10):1475-80
6) Jenkins GM, et al.  (1997) Involvement of yeast sphingolipids in the heat stress response of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Biol Chem 272(51):32566-72
7) Ferguson-Yankey SR, et al.  (2002) Mutant analysis reveals complex regulation of sphingolipid long chain base phosphates and long chain bases during heat stress in yeast. Yeast 19(7):573-86
8) Kobayashi SD and Nagiec MM  (2003) Ceramide/long-chain base phosphate rheostat in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: regulation of ceramide synthesis by Elo3p and Cka2p. Eukaryot Cell 2(2):284-94
9) Nagiec MM, et al.  (1997) Sphingolipid synthesis as a target for antifungal drugs. Complementation of the inositol phosphorylceramide synthase defect in a mutant strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae by the AUR1 gene. J Biol Chem 272(15):9809-17
10) Sugimoto Y, et al.  (2004) IPC synthase as a useful target for antifungal drugs. Curr Drug Targets Infect Disord 4(4):311-22