SUMMARY PARAGRAPH for ATP16
ATP16 encodes the delta subunit of mitochondrial ATP synthase and is homologous to the epsilon subunit of bacterial ATP synthase (1). The ATP synthase complex utilizes proton motive force to generate ATP from ADP and Pi (3). The structure of this enzyme complex is highly conserved among diverse organisms and consists of two major components, soluble F1 and membrane-bound F0, each of which contains many subunits. F1 and F0 are connected, both functionally and physically, via two additional multi-subunit structures, the central stalk and the stator stalk. The delta subunit is part of the central stalk, which, like a rotor shaft, transmits the movement of the F0 proton pump to the catalytic core of F1 (4 and references therein).
Although ATP16 is essential for ATP synthase function, it is not essential for life in yeast. Deletion of ATP16, like deletions in many genes necessary for the function or maintenance of mitochondria, leads to a "petite" phenotype that is slow-growing and unable to survive on nonfermentable carbon sources (1).
General ATP synthase structure and function are reviewed in references 3 and 4. For a review that is specific to yeast, see reference 5.
Last updated: 2001-01-16