YSR3/YKR053C Summary Help

Standard Name YSR3 1
Systematic Name YKR053C
Alias LBP2 2
Feature Type ORF, Verified
Description Dihydrosphingosine 1-phosphate phosphatase; membrane protein involved in sphingolipid metabolism; YSR3 has a paralog, LCB3, that arose from the whole genome duplication (3, 4 and see Summary Paragraph)
Name Description Yeast Sphingolipid Resistance 3
Chromosomal Location
ChrXI:535281 to 534067 | ORF Map | GBrowse
Note: this feature is encoded on the Crick strand.
Gbrowse
Gene Ontology Annotations All YSR3 GO evidence and references
  View Computational GO annotations for YSR3
Molecular Function
Manually curated
Biological Process
Manually curated
Cellular Component
Manually curated
High-throughput
Regulators 4 genes
Resources
Pathways
Classical genetics
null
Large-scale survey
null
overexpression
Resources
110 total interaction(s) for 89 unique genes/features.
Physical Interactions
  • Affinity Capture-RNA: 1

Genetic Interactions
  • Negative Genetic: 91
  • Phenotypic Enhancement: 2
  • Positive Genetic: 14
  • Synthetic Growth Defect: 1
  • Synthetic Lethality: 1

Resources
Expression Summary
histogram
Resources
Length (a.a.) 404
Molecular Weight (Da) 46,488
Isoelectric Point (pI) 7.62
Localization
Phosphorylation PhosphoGRID | PhosphoPep Database
Structure
Homologs
sequence information
ChrXI:535281 to 534067 | ORF Map | GBrowse
Note: this feature is encoded on the Crick strand.
SGD ORF map
Last Update Coordinates: 2011-02-03 | Sequence: 1996-07-31
Subfeature details
Relative
Coordinates
Chromosomal
Coordinates
Most Recent Updates
Coordinates Sequence
CDS 1..1215 535281..534067 2011-02-03 1996-07-31
Retrieve sequences
Analyze Sequence
S288C only
S288C vs. other species
S288C vs. other strains
Resources
External Links All Associated Seq | E.C. | Entrez Gene | Entrez RefSeq Protein | MIPS | Search all NCBI (Entrez) | UniProtKB
Primary SGDIDS000001761
SUMMARY PARAGRAPH for YSR3

About sphingolipid metabolism

Sphingolipids are essential components of the plasma membrane in all eukaryotic cells. S. cerevisiae cells make three complex sphingolipids: inositol-phosphoceramide (IPC), mannose-inositol-phosphoceramide (MIPC), and mannose-(inositol phosphate)2-ceramide (M(IP)2C)(5). In the yeast plasma membrane sphingolipids concentrate with ergosterol to form lipid rafts, specialized membrane microdomains implicated in a variety of cellular processes, including sorting of membrane proteins and lipids, as well as organizing and regulating signaling cascades (6). Intermediates in sphingolipid biosynthesis have been shown to play important roles as signaling molecules and growth regulators. Sphingolipid long chain bases (LCBs), dihydrosphingosine (DHS) and phytosphingosine (PHS), have been implicated as secondary messengers in signaling pathways that regulate the heat stress response (7, 8). Other intermediates, phytoceramide and long-chain base phosphates (LCBPs), have been shown to be components of the tightly-controlled ceramide/LCBP rheostat, which regulates cell growth (9). Since phosphoinositol-containing sphingolipids are unique to fungi, the sphingolipid biosynthesis pathway is considered a target for antifungal drugs (10, 11).

Last updated: 2007-10-05 Contact SGD

References cited on this page View Complete Literature Guide for YSR3
1) Cairns BR, et al.  (1999) Two functionally distinct forms of the RSC nucleosome-remodeling complex, containing essential AT hook, BAH, and bromodomains. Mol Cell 4(5):715-23
2) Mandala SM, et al.  (1998) Sphingoid base 1-phosphate phosphatase: a key regulator of sphingolipid metabolism and stress response. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95(1):150-5
3) Mao C, et al.  (1997) Identification and characterization of Saccharomyces cerevisiae dihydrosphingosine-1-phosphate phosphatase. J Biol Chem 272(45):28690-4
4) Byrne KP and Wolfe KH  (2005) The Yeast Gene Order Browser: combining curated homology and syntenic context reveals gene fate in polyploid species. Genome Res 15(10):1456-61
5) Dickson RC and Lester RL  (2002) Sphingolipid functions in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Biochim Biophys Acta 1583(1):13-25
6) Bagnat M and Simons K  (2002) Lipid rafts in protein sorting and cell polarity in budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Biol Chem 383(10):1475-80
7) Jenkins GM, et al.  (1997) Involvement of yeast sphingolipids in the heat stress response of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Biol Chem 272(51):32566-72
8) Ferguson-Yankey SR, et al.  (2002) Mutant analysis reveals complex regulation of sphingolipid long chain base phosphates and long chain bases during heat stress in yeast. Yeast 19(7):573-86
9) Kobayashi SD and Nagiec MM  (2003) Ceramide/long-chain base phosphate rheostat in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: regulation of ceramide synthesis by Elo3p and Cka2p. Eukaryot Cell 2(2):284-94
10) Nagiec MM, et al.  (1997) Sphingolipid synthesis as a target for antifungal drugs. Complementation of the inositol phosphorylceramide synthase defect in a mutant strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae by the AUR1 gene. J Biol Chem 272(15):9809-17
11) Sugimoto Y, et al.  (2004) IPC synthase as a useful target for antifungal drugs. Curr Drug Targets Infect Disord 4(4):311-22